Burbank Implant Dentist on Extraction Defects…Relation to Dental Implants and Bone Grafts

Teeth are removed for several reasons, including periodontal (gum) disease, extreme decay, and for orthodontic reasons.  Once a tooth is removed, the shape of the ridge (i.e., the supporting bone and gum in which the tooth was situated and retained) changes. If there has been extensive bone loss, or if the tooth needed to be surgically removed (bone had to be cut away to gain access to the area), the change will be more dramatic. The ridge shrinks, collapses into itself, and over time decreases in width and height. As more time passes after the extraction, the more change occurs.

This is an extraction site defect. Look how skinny the bone is compared to the image next to it!

Lr     Lr-----

The extraction site defect presents a problem when the area is to be restored with an implant.

When the ridge architecture has significantly changed, the replacement tooth will have to deviate from the ideal shape. This could easily make the area more difficult to keep clean, difficult to restore, and cosmetically quite unsightly.

Perhaps the cosmetics may not matter to you when there is a back tooth being replaced one that is not visible when you speak or smile. An extraction site defect in an area visible when you speak or smile will create a severe esthetic problem.  The more the ridge has changed, the more your tooth will need to be either longer, wider, or fatter in order to fill up the extraction site. If you have a smile line that shows the tooth or gumline, the replacement tooth will be very obviously misshaped. It will never look right and will be a cosmetic failure.

Here is a dental implant on a patient from Burbank that I did:

missing tooth 2004
front tooth dental implant --Dr. Ramsey Amin -Burbank 2009

It is clear that for the dental implant replacement tooth to have a normal appearance, the extraction site must be rebuilt. The closer it can be made to the ideal, the better the replacement tooth will appear.  The site (or ridge as it is really named) can be restored through gum tissue grafting and/or bone grafting.

If the ridge needs only a small amount of augmentation, only soft tissue procedures may be needed. If there is a large defect, the underlying supporting bone will have to be replaced as well. If the site is especially visible or needs an extensive amount of rebuilding, more than one augmentation procedure may be necessary. My goal is to make the replacement tooth appear to be growing out of the extraction site, not merely lying against the gum.

If a dental implant is to be placed to act as an anchor for the replacement tooth, the extraction site must have enough bone thickness and height to properly surround the implant.

Here is an example of a 20 year old girl from Los Angeles that I had to do an onlay bone graft and gum graft to fill the major bone defect from a roller-skating accident.

IMG_0870gg Major bone loss.

IMG_7607After a onlay block bone graft, implant and custom Abutment. Note how there is no longer a depression of bone after the bone is built back up.

DSC_0017_4 Final result. Restored Dental Implant!

As you can see, extraction site bone or gum defects are really important.  Choose the right dentist for your implant! 
 

Ramsey Amin, DDS
 


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4 thoughts on “Burbank Implant Dentist on Extraction Defects…Relation to Dental Implants and Bone Grafts

  1. Ramsey Amin DDS

    Hi James,
    No, the implant and the bone graft were done on separate occasions. If the bone graft is large, typically it is better to separate the procedures.
    Ramsey A. Amin, D.D.S., D.A.B.O.I.
    Diplomate of the American Board of Oral Implantology /Implant Dentistry
    Fellow-American Academy of Implant Dentistry

    Reply
  2. James

    Dr. Amin,
    Thanks for the article above. It was very informative.
    In a case such as the one with the 20 year old above, was the implant placed the same day that the onlay bone graft was performed? How typical is this?
    Thanks

    Reply
  3. Dr. Ramsey Amin

    This is a very broad question since I can not examine you personally.
    If the bone is that skinny you may be looking at block grafting to restore the width of bone. Make sure to see somebody VERY good since this is the most difficult area in the mouth to do this.
    See this post:
    http://www.dentalimplantdentistryblog.com/2009/04/what-is-a-block-bone-graft-associated-with-dental-implants-video.html
    Because of the advanced bone loss you are probably in the $9000 range to restore the area to completion.
    I hope this helps!
    Dr. Ramsey Amin

    Reply
  4. Mona

    Dr. Amin,
    First of all thanks for posting your very knowledgeable information here. It happened just i was trying to dig out some info on implants and its procedure on the internet and discovered your web here.
    My lower jaw’s 2 molars (on each sides) are missing. And its been several years so i’d say my case would be very similar to the patient on 1st pics. Probably bone grafting is needed. In such cases what would be the cost of the implants (including the bone grafting procedure, specifically autografting maybe?)?what would be the complications of autografting? would it be safe and painful etc…
    thanks in advance.
    looking forward to your reply.

    Reply